** PRINCE OF MATHEMATICS**

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss , a German mathematician who had a remarkable influence in many fields , including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, electrostatics, astronomy and optics is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians.

**CHILD PRODIGY:**
**At the age of three** he amazed his father by correcting an arithmetical error.

**In primary school** his teacher, J.G. Büttner, tried to occupy pupils by making them add a list of integers. The young Gauss reputedly produced the correct answer within seconds, to the astonishment of his teacher.

Gauss's presumed method, which supposes the list of numbers was from 1 to 100, was to realize that pairwise addition of terms from opposite ends of the list yielded identical intermediate sums:

**1 + 100 = 101, 2 + 99 = 101, 3 + 98 = 101, and so on, for a total sum of 50 × 101 = 5050 .**

**FAMOUS QUOTE:**

*“Mathematics is the queen of the sciences and number theory is the queen of mathematics”*

*“Ask her to wait a moment,I am almost done”* (he told this while working when he was informed that his wife is dying).

**CONTRIBUTIONS:**

- In
**Disquisitiones Arithmeticae**, one of the most brilliant achievements in mathematics, Gauss systematized the study of number theory. This work was fundamental in consolidating number theory as a discipline and has shaped the field to the present day.
- Gauss proved the
**Fundamental Theorem of Algebra**, which states that every polynomial has a root of the form a+bi.
- He also discovered the
**Cauchy Integral theorem** for analytic functions
- Gauss's work in mathematical physics contributed to potential theory and the development of the
**Principle of Conservation of Energy.**
**Theoria motus corporum celestium (theory of motion of the celestial bodies)** is his most significant work on applied mathematics.
- Gauss discovered
** Ceres**, the largest of the asteroids orbiting around the Sun.
- His Theory of Celestial Movement remains a cornerstone of astronomical computation. It introduced the
**Gaussian gravitational constant**.
- Introduced the
**Method of Least Squares**, a procedure used in all sciences to this day to minimize the impact of measurement error.